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The Hall of Ma'atIn ancient Egyptian mythology, the Hall of Ma'at, goddess of Truth and Justice, was the place where evidence was weighed and judgement reached. Here, we consider the evidence for alternative theories of history and science.

Lost Civilizations and Pre-Columbian Contact

报告夫人漫画完整版Were Native People responsible for American pyramids, mounds and crops, or were they taught by a Lost or Unknown Civilization that reached the Americas before Columbus?

Methodological Problems

The School of Botch and Fudge

Counter-Knowledge: How we surrendered to Conspiracy Theories, Quack Medicine, Bogus Science and Fake History (Book Review)

Counter-Knowledge: How we surrendered to Conspiracy Theories, Quack Medicine, Bogus Science and Fake History (Book Review)

Damian Thompson, pp x + 196, Atlantic Books (London), 2008 This review article first appeared in The Skeptic (UK) 21:4 (2009), 25...

Skepticism on ‘Fringe’ and ‘Mainstream’

Skepticism on ‘Fringe’ and ‘Mainstream’

This article first appeared in The Skeptic, Vol.20, No.2, pp 24-29. Reproduced with permission My main question here is: How...

Archaeological Fantasies: How pseudoarchaeology misrepresents the past and misleads the public

Archaeological Fantasies: How pseudoarchaeology misrepresents the past and misleads the public

Archaeological Fantasies: How pseudoarchaeology misrepresents the past and misleads the publicEdited by Garrett G. Fagan Did aliens build the pyramids?...

Fingerprints of the Gods: A Review

Fingerprints of the Gods: A Review

Discussions in Egyptology 34, 1996, pp135 - 142 Reproduced with permission Even before we have a chance to read the...

Tracing Graham Hancock’s Shifting Cataclysm

Tracing Graham Hancock’s Shifting Cataclysm

Skeptical Inquirer , Volume 26, No.4, July/August 2002, p 45-9 Reproduced with permission By the late 1960s the theory of...

Nic Flemming’s Channel 4 Encounter

Nic Flemming’s Channel 4 Encounter

Nic Flemming has contacted me concerning Graham Hancock’s comments about his review of Flooded Kingdoms of the Ice Age, and...

The Gentle Art of Myth Management

The Gentle Art of Myth Management

In the introduction to the new edition of Fingerprints of the Gods (2001) Graham Hancock declares that: …the strongholds of...

Definition of Peer-Reviewed Journals: A Rebuttal to the Lunatic Fringe

Definition of Peer-Reviewed Journals: A Rebuttal to the Lunatic Fringe

A common accusation levelled at academics is that "The Establishment" (false terminology) band together with the express aim to quash...

An Analysis of the Quality of Graham Hancock’s Science

An Analysis of the Quality of Graham Hancock’s Science

Leaving aside the fallacies already well-exposed by the other articles on this site, I would like to concentrate the reader's...

Myth of the Open Mind

Myth of the Open Mind

Graham Hancock frequently uses the argument that the academics and scholars that oppose his theories have closed minds whereas those...

The Absence of Evidence

The Absence of Evidence

Recent developments have confirmed a worrying trend among the most prominent advocates of the Lost Civilisation theory towards devaluing, if...

Three Basic Principles of Archaeological Research

Three Basic Principles of Archaeological Research

There appears to be confusion in the alternative camp (among both its proponents and supporters) as to how archaeology as...

Analysis of Hancock’s Position Statement on C-14

Analysis of Hancock’s Position Statement on C-14

I read with interest Graham Hancock's "Position Statement on C-14 Dating," as posted to his website on March 14, 2001....

An Answer to Graham Hancock

An Answer to Graham Hancock

Last November (2000) Graham Hancock issued a public challenge to me on the Message Board of his website to read...

Ancient Astronauts

Did ancient people witness the arrival of visitors from outer space?

Afrocentrism

Did Africans export technology, civilization and culture to the world?

Multiculturalism, Cult Archaeology, and Pseudoscience

Multiculturalism, Cult Archaeology, and Pseudoscience

From : Cult Archaeology and Creationism: Understanding Pseudoscientific Beliefs about the Past, edited by Francis B.Harrold and Raymond E.Eve, An...

Stolen Legacy (or Mythical History?) Did the Greeks Steal Philosophy from the Egyptians?

Stolen Legacy (or Mythical History?) Did the Greeks Steal Philosophy from the Egyptians?

Skeptic, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1994, pp 98-103 Reproduced with permission Since its publication in 1954 Stolen Legacy, by George...

Comments on Pitfalls in Multicultural Science Education

Comments on Pitfalls in Multicultural Science Education

Note: In 1996 I was a member of a Committee on Multicultural Science Education set up by the Michigan State...

Spreading Scientific Illiteracy Among Minorities – Part II: Magic Melanin

Spreading Scientific Illiteracy Among Minorities – Part II: Magic Melanin

Skeptical Inquirer, Vol. 16, No. 2, Winter 1992, pp 162-166 Reproduced with permission Afrocentric beliefs include a range of tenets....

Spreading Scientific Illiteracy Among Minorities – Part I: Multicultural Pseudoscience

Spreading Scientific Illiteracy Among Minorities – Part I: Multicultural Pseudoscience

Skeptical Inquirer Vol. 16, No. 1, Fall 1991, pp 46-50 Reproduced with permission There is general agreement that minorities are...

Robbing Native American Cultures: Van Sertima’s Afrocentricity and the Olmecs

Robbing Native American Cultures: Van Sertima’s Afrocentricity and the Olmecs

CA FORUM ON ANTHROPOLOGY IN PUBLIC Current Anthropology, Volume 38, Number 3, June 1997, pp 419-441 Reproduced with permission. Abstract...

Orion Correlation Theory

Is a date of 10,450 BC or earlier encoded at Giza?

Longing for Leo Or: Spin the Tale on the Zodiac

Longing for Leo Or: Spin the Tale on the Zodiac

An important aspect of the so-called "Orion Correlation" is that the Great Sphinx at Giza is supposedly associated with the...

Aldebaran and the Dashour Pyramids

Aldebaran and the Dashour Pyramids

An Argument presented by Jane B. Sellers, Author of  The Death of Gods in Ancient Egypt It has taken me...

Orion and the Giza pyramids

Orion and the Giza pyramids

Discussions in Egyptology 30, 1994, pp 101-114 Reproduced with permission Peter Ackroyd’s Nicholas Dyer had his own reasons when he...

Dancing with Lions

Dancing with Lions

Joanne Conman’s close reading of “The Sphinx Blinks,” one of my monthly articles on astronomy and culture for Sky &...

The Orion Correlation and Air-Shaft Theories

The Orion Correlation and Air-Shaft Theories

Discussions In Egyptology 33, 1995, pp 45-56 Reproduced with permission In recent articles in this journal, a number of references...

Going Orion in a Circle (Or: The Challenging Cayce of 10,500BC)

Going Orion in a Circle (Or: The Challenging Cayce of 10,500BC)

The Rise and Fall of a Correlation The way the, so called, Orion Correlation Theory has degenerated over time is...

Astronomical Integrity at Giza

Astronomical Integrity at Giza

In 1999, Robert Bauval, coauthor of The Orion Mystery and The Message of the Sphinx, enlisted the astronomical support of...

The Sphinx Blinks

The Sphinx Blinks

Sky & Telescope, March 2001.Copyright (c) 2001 by Sky Publishing Corp. Reproduced with permission. Despite the worldwide fame enjoyed by...

Pyramid Marketing Schemes

Pyramid Marketing Schemes

Rambling Through the Skies Sky & Telescope, February 1997.Copyright (c) 1997 by Sky Publishing Corp. Reproduced with permission. Magical incantations...

Astronomer Tony Fairall and Secret Chamber

Astronomer Tony Fairall and Secret Chamber

In 1998 the South African astronomer, Professor Tony Fairall, launched a show at the Cape Town Planetarium (which he heads)...